Literally translated as 'to destroy' it is a power Kata designed to help you combine and create power and speed for your punches, kicks, blocks and moving.
Gekisai Dai Ichi - bunkai
This Kata introduces and develops Tora guchi (tiger mouth block) and Neko ashi dachi (Cat stance) which is a common feature of higher level Kata. It also introduces open hand techniques. This Kata has since been refined to feature the Kiai point on the reverse punches.
Gekisai Dai Ni - bunkai
Saifa Kata translates to 'smash and break' or 'pound and pulverise'. Its characteristics of heavy back first and circular swinging movements give meaning to its name. It is a short Kata, but one with numerous sequences that require precise timing to execute correctly.
Saifa - bunkai
Seiyunchin means to 'grasp and unbalance'. along with its signature low Shiko dachi stances, Seiyunchin Kata features a lot of Hazushi Waza (escaping techniques) with most attacks being from wrist grabs or behind.
Seiyunchin - bunkai
Shisochin means to 'attack in four directions' or 'four directional fight'. There is no Shiko Dachi in this Kata as in the previous one, but it requires a lot of co-ordination between the hips, arms and legs to perform it correctly. In his later years, this was Chojun Sensei's favourite Kata.
Shisochin - bunkai
Sanseru means '36 hands or movements' it requires lots of explosive and speedy movements and introduces Kansetsu Geri (joint kick) to the Goju-ryu Kata system. It features defences against multiple attacks.
Seipai translates as '18 hands or movements'. Like Seiyinchin a majority of the movements and defences are from grabs and holds, requiring fast escaping techniques. A lot of balance and co-ordination between the hips and body is required to perform this Kata correctly.
Kururunfa (to destroy with ancient mantis techniques). Taught to Kanryo Higaonna by Ryoryu Ko from China. Its origins are unknown.
Sesan (thirteen hands). The basic form of this kata contains 8 defensive and 5 attacking techniques. Thirteen is also a number representing good luck and prosperity in Chinese numerology. Sesan is thought to be one of the oldest kata.
Suparunpei (108 hands). 6x6x3, combining the elements represented in the meanings of Sanseru and Sepai. 108 also has special significance in buddhist beliefs from where the kata originated.
Sensei Morio Higaonna Sanchin is the breathing and bedrock Kata of the Goju-ryu system. Using the Tanden Kokyu breathing method co-ordinated with movements of the hands. Shime 'slapping test' is for black belts and only after years of practice and building up.
Tensho means 'Rotating palms'. Chojun Miyagi Sensei saw a Kata called Rokkishu on one of his trips to China and added this to our system under the name of Tensho. It once again requires co-ordination between the movements and breathing.